Fill a medium sized basin with enough warm water to cover at least to the ankles. The basin should be large enough so that the entire foot can rest comfortably on the bottom. Be aware that persons with certain medical conditions such as diabetes cannot feel temperature as well on their skin, so don't make the water too hot. Let the water run across your inner wrist to help gauge the temperature if you are not sure. Pat the feet dry, making sure you dry between the toes thoroughly. According to National Institute on Aging , moisture left between the toes can lead to fungus growth. Although bunions tend to run in families, it is the foot type that is passed down—not the bunion. Parents who suffer from poor foot mechanics can pass their problematic foot type on to their children, who in turn are prone to developing bunions. The abnormal functioning caused by this faulty foot development can lead to pressure being exerted on and within the foot, often resulting in bone and joint deformities such as bunions and hammertoes. Is the arch of your child's foot high or flat? Are there any bone deformities - toes bent or crooked, or a bunion condition, characterized by bumps or enlargements on the big toe joints? Surgery is sometimes necessary to improve the condition of a foot with bunions. It is a serious surgery that requires physical therapy and almost constant exercise to prevent the joint from becoming stiff. By doing these exercises as recommended by your doctor, you will hasten recovery and maintain full range of motion in your affected toes. A bunion is a progressive disorder caused by misalignment of the bones in the feet. While surgery is a common method of treatment and ultimately the best way to cure the condition, there are a variety of non-surgical treatments to aid in the alleviation of pain caused by a bunion. The aim of bunion surgery is to relieve pain and improve the alignment of your big toe. Surgery is not usually carried out for cosmetic reasons alone. Even after surgery, there may still be limits to the styles of shoe you can wear. Age is a factor that will be taken into consideration when deciding on bunion surgery. In young people, bunion surgery is often delayed due to an increased risk of the bunion returning. This is because the bones are still growing. Distal soft tissue realignment can be carried out on its own, although it is usually performed at the same time as an osteotomy. Arthrodesis Diabetes can affect blood circulation. It can also lessen feeling in the feet. So diabetics are especially vulnerable to foot problems. People with diabetes should be sure to keep the feet warm, to wear non-restrictive shoes, and to always wear shoes in order to protect the feet. Checking daily for redness, cuts and cracks can prevent them from developing into more a more serious problem. If you have diabetes, see your physician about even the most simple foot problems. Avoid cutting corns or calluses and using any remedy containing salicylic acid (an ingredient listed on labels of certain corn remedies). I also bought some Bio-Oil for use on the scar. I haven’t started using it yet, but will when the dissolvable stitches have all come out (I’m nearly there, only one left in!). I found my scar/wound was very hard at first, and the E45 cream has gradually softened it up. I’m sure the Bio-Oil will be good for that as well. Corns and calluses are common non-harmful foot problems that develop over time. As they are often hidden for most of the time, they can easily get disregarded. Demanding urgent attention only when they have already painfully manifested, or worse, have already become inflamed. 19.Stretch your Achilles tendon and calf muscles at least every day if not twice a day. Regular stretching can help combat the shortening of the Achilles tendon that occurs from chronic wearing of high heel shoes. This shortening can lead to tendonitis and heel pain! 20.Core strengthening exercises can help stabilize your feet and decrease the stress from high heeled shoes. Every woman should do core exercises at least three times a week. They help with back pain, knee pain and foot pain caused by instability. Overpronation is the cause of many foot related problems. Listed below are ten of the more common diagnoses along with their prospective symptoms. Apply a moisturizer such as flexitol heel balm twice daily to hard skin or corns and use a pumice stone to reduce the thickness of the hard skin. A foot with a bunion can become so deformed that over-lapping will occur between the first and second toe. The bunion can also develop bursitis, which is inflammation of the bursa. The bursa is a tiny fluid-filled sac that works as a sliding surface between tissues of the body. The major bursa is located near large joints such as the shoulders, elbows, hips and knees. This can become infected and cause a lot of pain. For relief from the pain of bunions , and to reduce inflammation, you can take a pain killer or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen. In addition to this, apply an ice pack on the bunion a few times a day to reduce pain and inflammation. Use an arch support to reduce the rate of the flattening of the arch, which in turn puts excessive force on the joints. Last, but not least, make it a habit to apply some moisturizer like flexitol heel balm twice a day to corns and arduous skin and then, using a pumice stone, you can reduce the thickness of hard skin In addition, the skin on the bottom of your foot may become thicker and painful. Pressure from your big toe may force your second toe out of alignment, sometimes overlapping your third toe. An advanced bunion may make your foot look deformed. If your bunion gets too severe, it may be difficult to walk. Your pain may become chronic and you may develop arthritis. If you already have a bunion, wear shoes that are roomy enough to not put pressure on it. This should relieve most of your pain. You may want to have your shoes stretched out professionally. You may also try protective pads to cushion the painful area.