There are many factors that will affect a figure skater's ability to perform jumps, spins, and various moves with correct technique. One would consider lack of muscle strength or flexibility, poor coordination, lack of sound technique, or poor concentration. Those with a biomechanically oriented mind will automatically think of a skater's alignment and body mechanics, looking at the skater from the bottom up. This may start by looking at the skater's feet and ankles. unpleasant, but not necessarily irrational or pathological, mood state characterized by sadness, despair, or discouragement; "the blues"; may also involve low self-esteem, social withdrawal, and somatic symptoms such as eating and sleep disturbance. For more serious and chronic pain due to flat feet, you will need to consult a foot doctor. This specialist can fit you with custom orthotics that will provide needed arch support. If necessary, you may be prescribed a walking cast or boot for pain relief. The podiatrist can also advise you on the use of medications to reduce the inflammation and pain of flat feet. Tarsal coalition is a result of two or more bones of the foot fusing together. This fusion limits the motion of the foot and can lead to a flattened arch. This condition is present in some children and can cause painful flat feet. Pronation A neuroma is an area of thickened nerve tissue. This tissue can develop anywhere in your body. According to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, a Morton's neuroma is one of the most common neuromas in the foot. The neuroma develops between the base of the third and fourth toes. However, other areas of the foot can be afflicted. The development of a neuroma occurs due to continued compression on the toes or feet. Eventually, continued compression can cause swelling of the nerves, which can eventually lead to nerve damage. A herniated disc is a bulging or ruptured disc between the vertebrae. Herniated discs are most common in the lower back but may occur in the neck region, causing pain, immobility and numbness or weakness in your arms. If you are experiencing pain from a herniated disc in your neck, you can help alleviate symptoms with neck exercises. TENS units are pocket-sized devices used as an alternative treatment for pain symptoms. The units produce a small electrical shock administered through two or more electrode pads that are applied on the skin. Self-administered use of TENS requires a certain degree of knowledge on where to place the electrodes on the body. If you have foot pain and/or your feet are causing problems with walking and running, see a podiatrist or your regular doctor. Diagnosing the problem requires a few tests. Your doctor will look for an arch in your feet as you stand on your toes If an arch exists, you do not need treatment for flat feet. The podiatrist will also look for flexion in your ankle. If you are having difficulty flexing the foot and/or an arch does not appear, your doctor will order more tests, such as a foot X-ray and scans to examine the bones and tendons in your feet. Treating Flat Feet Most of the orthoses are custom made and designed to fit the customer depending on the problem they have. These custom made are manufactured by using the cast of the foot. A cast is like a shadow which shows the structure of the foot including any misplacement. The cast is produced by duplicating the foot. Using it, technicians then make the orthotic which is designed to correct the malfunction. Some inserts can be bought in pharmacies but it is best to have one custom made by a podiatrist. Podiatrists are skilled to perform both nail and cutaneous surgical treatment, but some have undertaken additional training to perform additional foot surgery.